Rents and prices of commercial space in Singapore fell at a faster clip last year compared to 2015, with office vacancies rising to a near five-year high since Q1 2012 after some large projects were completed. Latest data from the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) released on Thursday showed that rents of office and retail space have fallen more than 8 per cent in 2016, steeper than the 6.5 per cent drop for office rents and 4.1 per cent fall in retail rents in 2015.
The downward pressures are unlikely to go away just yet, given the impending supply and soft demand as the economy stays subdued, analysts say. But prices may be “stickier” as investors buoyed by private capital are still keen to scoop up commercial assets here, particularly offices, amid currently low interest rates.
Office rents fell for the seventh straight quarter, slipping by a further 1.8 per cent during the fourth quarter and fell 8.2 per cent for the whole year. Retail rents also maintained a declining streak since the start of 2015, sliding 1.2 per cent during the fourth quarter and 8.3 per cent for the whole year.
The full-year price declines of 2.8 per cent and 5.4 per cent for office and retail space respectively were also steeper than the 0.1 per cent and 0.8 per cent dips seen a year ago.
In the office sector, landlords are facing a double-whammy as the financial and business services sector consolidates while the completion of large projects is causing a short-term supply overhang.
The weak external economy has continued to dampen the creation of new businesses here, weighing down on new demand for office space. The result was a weak net demand of about 27,000 square metres islandwide in 2016, similar to that recorded during the Asian Financial Crisis in 1998. The relatively stronger net demand in the CBD came at the expense of the outlying areas. Some non-CBD occupiers with expiring leases have moved into the CBD to take advantage of the more affordable rents in these newer and more efficient buildings.
An estimated 2.3 million square feet of gross floor area (GFA) in new project completions last year included DUO Tower in Bugis and Guoco Tower in Tanjong Pagar. This year, Marina One will add another 2.24 million sq ft of gross space and 5 Shenton Way (former UIC building) is adding another gross 325,070 sq ft of space. With the completion of DUO Tower in December, islandwide office stock expanded by 66,000 sq m in Q4 but net demand – going by the change in occupied office space – was only 1,000 sq m. This is because most companies that have leased space in DUO Tower and Guoco Tower are still fitting out their premises and have yet to move in.
Islandwide vacancy rate thus rose to 11.1 per cent in the fourth quarter from 10.4 per cent in Q3. But it was a different story for retail where supply is concerned, with the closure of malls such as Park Mall and Funan DigitaLife Mall for redevelopment in the third quarter. The increase in demand for retail space islandwide – going by change in occupied stock – was 66,000 sq m in Q4, much higher than the increase in retail-space stock by 10,000 sq m; islandwide vacancy rate fell to 7.5 per cent in the fourth quarter from 8.4 per cent in Q3.
There was also a divergence in the way prices of office and retail space moved in the fourth quarter. While office prices dipped 0.6 per cent in Q4 from the preceding quarter, marking a sixth straight quarter of decline, prices for retail space marked a surprise 0.2 per cent rise after a 0.6 per cent drop in the preceding quarter.
This could be due to the transactions of older strata-title units in Orchard/Scotts Road, which saw prices maintaining or even increasing.
Notwithstanding this, the prices for strata-titled retail units in suburban districts remained soft. There were fewer transactions in 2016, as the price gap between buyers and sellers remain wide. Some international brands are taking advantage of lower rents to reinforce their brand presence here. These include TripleFit, which occupies 23,500 sq ft of space in Millenia Walk, and Victoria Secret, which opened its 12,000 sq ft flagship store in Mandarin Gallery in November.
Chinese brands have also entered the market, including fashion label Urban Revivo, which has opened in Raffles City and Chinese streetwear brand Hotwind, which has opened in 313 Somerset.
Meanwhile, upcoming supply has started to moderate.
URA said on Thursday that there is about 786,000 sq m of gross office space in the pipeline, compared with the 879,000 sq m of gross office space in the previous quarter.
The retail segment’s pipeline consists of total supply of 595,000 sq m of gross space, compared with the 652,000 sq m in the previous quarter. But nearly two million sq ft gross floor area of retail space is slated to complete this year amid heightened caution among retailers.
Seeing a bumpy ride for both retail landlords and retailers this year, average rents in the Central Region are projected to fall by 5 to 8 per cent and vacancy to hover around 8 to 10 per cent.